Amateur radio is also
called by another name, Ham Radio.
At the beginning of the 20th century
involved in radio experimentation could
classed as "amateurs".
These were people who had an interest in
exploration of radio.
Much had to be learnt and many
with the new technology.
Commercial and government interest in
began to become part of the world of radio investigation,
and a more defined separation between
and the commercial and government
From those early days of
interest in radio became a licensed hobby,
requiring the passing of an examination
transmission onto the radio frequency spectrum.
International agreements had to be set
to allow amateur radio to function, as
cross borders and continents.
Today Amateur radio is a hobby that
by over a million people throughout the world.
It is an interest in radio
at a hobby level
that involves setting up a radio station
to communicate with other Radio Amateurs
The setting up of an Amateur Radio
can be relatively simply to very complex.
It can involve all aspects of such a
including the transmitting and receiving equipment,
to the mast and antennas needed for
Amateur radio has people from all
age groups and work situations.
Both sexes participate in the hobby, but
majority are male.
There are many aspects to amateur
most amateurs find it impossible to participate in all.
Usually a particular activity of amateur
becomes the main interest in the hobby
and this is where an individual spends
of their hobby time.
amateur radio activity
Grades of licence
| Awards & Contests
| Digital transmissions
|| EchoLink &
| Long distance VHF &
|| Micro Wave
| Morse code contacts
| Rare country contacts
|| Remote location operation
| Television experiments
|| Voice repeaters
For the first 50 or so years of
there was only one grade of license.
In order to become a radio amateur an
electronic and radio theory; regulations
Morse code had to be passed.
This changed in the 1950's with the
of the "Z" call.
This license required only the theory
regulations, with no Morse code.
This grade of license restricted
to 50 MHz and above.
Since then there has been a number of
of license. These are:
call / Unrestricted with all
Required Morse Code
10 words per minute
2000 this has been changed
full privileges it only
5 words per minute Morse
plus Full Theory and Regulations
Call sign suffixes from VK*AA to
VK*AAA to VK*GZZ
(IAA-IZZ - SAA-SZZ - WAA-WZZ are also
list must include
or "K call" VK*JAA - VK*KZZ
(Note GGA-GGZ and GHA-GHZ are
the Girl Guides Association
and many calls between SAA - SZZ are allocated
to the Scout Association)
IYA-IYZ are allocated to the
Year of !!!
OTN is allocated to the Radio Amateur
RAA-RZZ are allocated
to Repeaters and Beacons
RAN and SEA are allocated to the Royal
Amateur Radio Society
WIA-WIZ are allocated to the WIA
To gain Full privileges the following licence holders need
- Need to
pass 5 wpm Morse Code
- Need to pass Full Theory
Novice Limited Licence
- Need to
pass Full Theory and 5 wpm Morse Code
Note: 17th November 2003
Morse Code will cease to be
an examinable subject on the 1st January 2004.
Limited Licence and
Novice-Limited Licence will
be permitted to operate on
amateur HF bands.
Limited licensees will be
able to operate on all amateur bands,
the Novice segments on 80, 15 and 10,
changes will take
effect on 1 January next year 2004.
be continued - see AR Guide WA